|Building Type||nomadic house|
|Construction System||light wood pole frame, leather fabric covering|
|Context||rural, nomadic village|
|Architectural Style||Native American Vernacular|
|Notes||"Tipi". Lightweight, modular, handmade, mobile, construction|
|At Great Buildings||http://www.greatbuildings.com/buildings/Tepee.html|
Blood Camp, Alberta, Canada. Smoke flaps are open on the tipi to the left in this photograph, and closed, like the entryway, on the tipi to the right. The Blood were members of the Blackfoot nation. Photo by Roland Reed, circa 1913.
"In the old buffalo days before cold weather came in the fall, the Indians would look up some sheltered valley, such as you see in the picture, where they would have water and wood, and high hills to protect their tepees from the cold winter winds.
"When spring came they would take down their tepees and move them out into the more open country, where there would be better grass for their ponies, and they would be closer to the buffalo herds, and summer breezes blew. In the old days the Indians never lived in one place long enough for unhealthy conditions to develop.
"The Indians did their cooking out-side in summer, but in winter they had a fire-pit right in the center of the tepee. The fire-pit was lined on the bottom and along the sides with stones. The fire in the fire-pit made the stones hot and the hot stones made the ground in the floor of the tepee warm, so they were quite comfortable in their leather lodge.'
— Roland Reed, circa 1913, describing his photo "Up the Cutbank"
"Inside the Tipi with Roland Reed." Ernest R. Lawrence and Joe D. Horse Capture, ArchitectureWeek No. 571, pC1.1.
Alone with the Past: The Life and Photographic Art of Roland W. Reed by Ernest R. Lawrence, with a preface by Joe D. Horse Capture. Afton Press: 2012. ISBN 1890434841.